Human Rights For All

The Coalition of Malaysian NGOs in the UPR Process (COMANGO)


What is Universal Periodic Review (UPR)?

All you need to know about Universal Periodic Review (UPR), in both English and Bahasa Malaysia


Latest From COMANGO

Our press statements are downloadable online.


The Coalition of Malaysian NGOs in the UPR Process (COMANGO) was formed by civil society organisations in 2008 to engage in the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) of the United Nations.

The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all UN Member States. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations.
COMANGO describes this process of coming together under one umbrella as an exercise strongly underpinned by an unprecedented notion of solidarity between CSOs. Working in coalitions has allowed CSOs working on the same issues in different regions to come together in smaller coalitions as well as providing a nationwide and inclusive UPR platform that encompasses CSOs advocating for all human rights.

Recommendation accepted in Full

In the 2nd UPR process, Malaysian government accepted 113 recommendations in full, from a total of 232 recommendations submitted to Malaysia from various member states in the UPR.

Recommendations accepted in Part and in Principle

From the total of 150 recommendations accepted, 15 recommendations are accepted in part, and 22 are accepted in principle.

Recommendations noted by Malaysia

82 recommendations from peer delegates are noted from a total of 232 recommendations. This means, Malaysia only accepted 64.66% of recommendations, may it be full, partial or in principle.

Level 1-3

Level 1 to level 3 of the recommendations received were non-measurable which prompts general actions emphasising continuity and a mere request to consider change

Level 4-5

Level 4 and 5 are those which require specific actions with words such as “ensure, take measures, implement or ratify”

Referring to the categories of measurability determined and used by UPR Info, COMANGO identified a total of 64 measurable recommendations of which they were able to assess. These recommendations are divided into Level 1 to 5, depending on the actions needed.

COMANGO's report focuses on three aspects of implementation:

  • The existence (or lack) of substantive law reform or new policies
  • Practices on the ground
  • Agencies responsible for implementing the recommendations

“[i]t is primarily the obligation of States to protect those who cooperate with the United Nations, its representatives and mechanisms in the field of human rights and to ensure that they may do so safely and without hindrance.”

Ban Ki MoonFormer United Nations Secretary General

“Much more attention and action is needed on human rights in Malaysia.”

Datuk Ho May YongMinistry of Foreign Affairs, Malaysia